What is “hygiene”?
Hygiene is a series of practices performed to preserve health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases.” Personal hygiene refers to maintaining the body’s cleanliness. Hygiene activities can be grouped into the following: home and everyday hygiene, personal hygiene, medical hygiene, sleep hygiene and food hygiene. Home and every day hygiene includes hand washing, respiratory hygiene, food hygiene at home, hygiene in the kitchen, hygiene in the bathroom, laundry hygiene and medical hygiene at home.
Many people equate hygiene with ‘cleanliness,’ but hygiene is a broad term. It includes such personal habit choices as how frequently to take a shower or bath, wash hands, trim fingernails, and wash clothes. It also includes attention to keeping surfaces in the home and workplace clean, including bathroom facilities. Some regular hygiene practices may be considered good habits by the society, while the neglect of hygiene can be considered disgusting, disrespectful, or threatening.- [Source]
Norway, Cretan Garden’s residence
The Cretan Garden website, blog and webshop are located in Norway and therefore following up the rules of the Norwegian Chamber of Commerce, and the so-called Matttilsynet, the Norwegian Food and Safety Authority. Cosmetics, whereto soap also belongs, are a department of this authority. Hygiene is a keyword.
The following texts are a translation of the term “hygiene” in the Big Norwegian Medicinal Encyclopaedia. When relevant I added information about hygiene within the context of making, curing, storing, packing and sending handcrafted soap. These extras are marked with “Cretan Garden’s additional information”.
“In everyday speech the word hygiene is about what is clean, fresh and promotes what is healthy, opposing to what is unhealthy and leads to disease. In traditional medical language, hygiene is often a collective term for health-promoting work and preventive medicine. Special emphasis is often placed on measures from the public sector to ensure public health. In the university teaching of medical students, the concept of hygiene has been replaced by preventive medicine or community medicine.” Source
“Hand hygiene is hand washing with soap and water or hand disinfection with alcohol-based disinfectant. Washing and disinfection remove large parts of the temporary, superficial bacterial flora on the hands, which consist of white staphylococci and diphtheroids.
Water and soap together with mechanical movements dissolve bacteria and dirt, and running water flushes it away. Wipe your hands with a paper towel and screw the tap back on with the used paper towel. Proper hand washing is the easiest, cheapest and most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. Avoiding sneezing or coughing by hand and instead using either a paper towel or elbow hook is also important to reduce the amount of bacteria or viruses on your hands at all times.” Source
“Food hygiene includes measures to ensure that water and food are suitable for consumption, and do not make people or animals sick. The supervision of this has been added to the Norwegian Food Safety Authority. The measures are largely based on common European rules.” Source
Handcrafted soap hygiene
Cretan Garden’s additional information: To be allowed to sell handcrafted soap in Norway one must be registered in the Norwegian “Brønnøysundregistrene“, an organization with strict rules about hygiene in the category “cosmetics” whereto also home made soap belongs. The rules about hygiene are created by the Norwegian Food Safety Authority, Mattilsynet.
I strictly follow up their rules, not only about hygiene, but also about the information that has to be written in the information of the web-shop, and the packaging of the soap. Each Cretan Garden soap will be wrapped in a paper wrapper: the information is printed on the inside of the the wrapper.
“Through the World Health Organization (WHO), international agreements have been established on hygiene rules for persons traveling between different countries and in international goods transport. See international health regulations.” Source
General hygiene measures
“In practice, there is often a close connection between measures to ensure hygiene and what has been done for aesthetic reasons. This applies, for example, to workplaces and in public buildings where clutter and lack of cleanliness are the first signs that the condition can become unhygienic. Good technical maintenance, for example of ventilation systems, is also crucial for maintaining a hygienically sound indoor environment. It is important that measures are implemented in line with professional assessments. It can prevent excessive measures which in themselves can be harmful. In environmentally sound health care in the municipalities, the concept of hygienic judgment is central. These are discretionary assessments of what risk technical and environmental conditions may be for reduced health and the development of disease. Assessments of aesthetic conditions, such as clutter and lack of cleanliness, are central to this work, as mentioned above.” Source
Cretan Garden’s additional information: Cretan Garden soaps are created in a hygienic and well ventilated room. In a special for this purpose set up dust-free and dry, medium-warm room, the soaps can dry, to be stored hygienically when cured, and to be packed hygienically when ordered.